In Medieval times, God was often represented as an artist. This can be best understood by the example of Michelangelo. He was described as il divino ‘the divine one’ by Ludovico Ariosoto in a poem. This is the first time an artist had been compared to God; it meant that the artists’ creation was being compared with god’s creation. He was a man who followed his own impulse and desires while creating art. He was able to liberate himself from constraints in society and tradition of what ‘should be’ and what ‘shouldn’t be’ allowed. Every artist before him was bound by some form of constraint which the artist did not want to or intend to break. This wasn’t the case of Michelangelo. He bought his personality to his work and therefore his art had much more meaning and this factor showed that he was an artist of the modern era with the way he thought and the way he produced his art. Without bound, without constraint and how he truly wanted it to be. He was thus seen very differently from the regular artists who saw this profession as a means of earning only. This also bought about a new way of thinking amongst emerging artists after his era.
Neoclassicism, Romanticism, and Realism take us back to Europe and Euro-American art and architecture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Neoclassicism was a movement mainly seen in Greece and Rome in the early nineteenth century. This was a severe form of unemotional art. The revival of neoclassicism was a revival of interest in classical art. However neoclassicism exists in the current world as well with several modern architects in Britain being active in the neoclassical style. For example, Robert Adam Architects’ Sackler Library.
Romanticism developed as a reaction against neoclassicism. It was formed to give art more emotion and beauty which the neoclassical style did not possess. Romanticism does not display utter truth or particular subject but infact is able to portray feelings. An artist using this style was...