Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Abstract. This essay records the research and analysis of two common neurobehavioral development disorders which have high occurrence in childhood development. It comprises of the causes of the disorders, phenomenon of the disorders, possible impacts of these disorders on children and adults in the society and in personal development, the author’s past experiences with people with such disorder, suggestions on some future improvements for affected and personnel reflections and conclusion on the lessons learnt.
Down syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are two of many types of neurobehavioral development disorders. Defining the term, ‘neurobehavioral’ suggests; ‘neuro’ defined as the brain in medical terms, indicates these disorders originate from the brain as one sort of mental deficiencies; and ‘behavioural’ referred to the aftermath of the deficiencies, defines the consequences of the mental deficiencies are as such in the abnormality in the patients’ behaviours, of which instances may include deficiency in actions, speech and language, presentation and attention etc. Some other neurobehavioral development disorders of other causes such as congenital and trauma brain injuries are Cerebral Palsy, Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Rett-syndrome and Epilepsy.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Dubbed the fastest growing developmental disability by the Autism Society of America (n.d.), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has a gradual but pressing inclining rate of 10-17% annual growth with 1 in every 150 births and 2-6 in every 1000 people diagnosed with ASD. The Autism Society calculates the annual cost of autism to increase to $200-$400 billion in 10 years’ time, a substantial amount useful for any other developments.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a spectrum of psychological conditions, characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interaction and communication,...