Dual-diagnosis patient is an individual who has a substance use disorder (SUDs) and some form of mental illness at the same time (Doweiko, 2015). Patients that have dual diagnosis are very common for individuals. Often times the patients treatments will be a difficult task to accomplish. The dual diagnosis model has four possible models for conditions. The four models, challenges, the role the addiction cycle plays, and treatment will be discussed throughout this paper.
The theoretical method suggests that substance use disorders and mental illness both show a common unfound factor (Doweiko, 2015). The second model is that substance use by individuals with am mental illness shows and attempt at self-medication (Doweiko). The third model suggests that substance abuse is secondary to another form of psychopathology and should resolve when the “primary” conditions are the third theoretical model (Doweiko). The final model suggested that the individuals with mental illness might be exceptionally sensitive to the effects of the drugs of abuse, increasing their attractiveness to the abuser (Doweiko). These models are various ways that a client can be assessed for a dual-diagnosis. The second model for instance has no real evidence suggestion that patients will self-medicate (Doweiko).
Dual Diagnosis Challenges
Dual Diagnosis is not uncommon, individual with a mental disorder are twice as likely to have an SUD (Clinton & Scalise, 2013). According to Doweiko, the majority of patients that are admitted to a substance abuse treatment program will have symptoms of psychiatric disorder at the time of admissions. One of the challenges of diagnosing a patient is to understanding the clinical history of the patient. A clinical history is critical in the diagnosing the patient as opposed to substance induced psychiatric problems (Washton & Zweben). Often times when a patient is admitted into care they are not diagnosed correctly....