Discuss the role of East Africa Community Regional Integration initiatives to globalization in the East Africa Community Region.
The East African Community (EAC) is a regional inter-governmental organization which comprises of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. EAC was established under Article 2 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community that entered into force in July 2000. The main objective why EAC was formed, was to deepen cooperation among the member countries in the economic and social fields for the benefit of the member countries and their citizens; emphasis being given on promotion of economic growth and partnership through promotion of free movement of goods, persons and labour the rights of establishment and residence and the free movement of services and capital. Through globalization and integration East African Community has been able to establish tangible and positive strides especially in Strengthening, coordinating and regulating the economic and trade relations among the member countries; Promoting common understanding and cooperation among member countries States for their economic and social development. In order to promote globalization and integration EAC members have continuously held high delegations conferences and seminars, developed and published booklets and information Education and Communication (IEC) materials highlighting the gains and progress made on regional integration initiatives.
The vision and mission of EAC as stated in their “EAC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2011/12 – 2015/16” is to attain a prosperous, competitive, secure and be politically united. Through integration initiatives EAC has made meaningful gains over the years because they have developed policies that promote regional integration initiatives enjoyed by member countries hence promoting globalization. Some of the integration initiatives are:-
(a) Shared infrastructure