Effect of Global Warming on Climate Change and its Adaption
C.Nageswara Raju1*,C. Adinarayana Reddy1, K.Parthasaradhi2,B.Sudhakar Reddy1, M.Bhushan Reddy1
1Department of Physics, S.V.Degree College, Kadapa-516003, A.P.
2Department of Physics, R.V.P. Engg.College for Women, Kadapa-516003, A.P.
The climate is changing due to global warming. The earth is warming up. With global warming on the increase and species and their habitats on the decrease, chances for ecosystems to adapt naturally are diminishing. The main characteristics of climate change are global warming; changes in cloud cover and precipitation particularly over land; melting of ice caps and glaciers and reduced snow cover; and increase in ocean temperatures and ocean acidity – due to sea water absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Rising fossil fuel burning and land use changes have emitted, and are continuing to emit, increasing quantities of greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere. These greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrogen dioxide (N2O) and a rise in these gases has caused a rise in the amount of heat from the sun withheld in the Earth’s atmosphere, heat that would normally be radiated back into space. This increase in heat has led to the greenhouse effect, resulting in climate change. Warming of the climate system is now unambiguous. It is now clear that global warming is mostly due to man-made emissions of greenhouse gases (mostly CO2). Over the last century, atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide increased from a pre-industrial value of 278 parts per million to 379 parts per million in 2005, and the average global temperature rose by 0.74°C. An increasing rate of warming has particularly taken place over the last 25 years, and 11 of the 12 warmest years on record have occurred in the past 12 years. The best estimates indicate that the Earth could warm by 3°C by 2100. Even if countries reduce their greenhouse gas...