Elements of design - - The basic components used by the artist when producing works of art.

line - A mark with length and direction(-s). An element of art which refers to the continuous mark made on some surface by a path of a moving point.
Types of line include: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, straight or ruled, curved, bent, angular, thin, thick or wide, interrupted (dotted, dashed, broken, etc.), blurred or fuzzy, controlled, freehand, parallel, hatching, meandering, and spiraling.
defines a space, and may create an outline or contour, define a silhouette; create patterns, or movement, and the illusion of mass or volume


line created by the direction something or someone is looking/pointing

shape - it is an enclosed space defined and determined by other art elements such as line, color, value, and texture. Shapes are flat. This two-dimensional character of shape distinguishes it from form, which has depth as well as length and width.
Examples of shapes include: circle, oval, and oblong; polygons such as triangle, square, rectangle, rhombus, trapezium, trapezoid, pentagon, hexagon Other kinds of shapes are organic, amorphous, biomorphous


Implied Shape

Shape is created by shapes around it.

form - three-dimensional (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.
examples, a triangle, is two-dimensional shape, but a pyramid is a three-dimensional form. Cubes, spheres, ovoids, pyramids, cone, and cylinders
Implied mass


value - the lightness or darkness of a color.
other terms which mean value are; chiaroscuro, gradation, gray scale
actual light can also be an element of design
Actual light

Texture - is the surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
Textures may be actual or simulated. Actual textures can be felt with the fingers, while simulated textures are suggested by an artist in the painting of...

Similar Essays