Learn English Pronunciation 1
Pronunciation can be a tricky matter when it comes to the English language. Letters in English take
on multiple phonetic forms (think of the a in ‘can’ and the a in ‘war’); thus, the concept of
pronouncing a word the way it is spelled does not apply.
Watching English-language films, TV shows, and news channels is very useful. One must pay close
attention while conversing with someone who is fluent and while watching English-language film or
TV productions, and through practice, make correct-sounding speech a matter of habit.
There are, however, some guidelines of the contours of spoken English:
Usually pronounced like the ‘b’ in ‘big’. However, in words ending with ‘-mb’, such as comb, plumb,
numb, bomb, etc, the ‘b’ is silent.
Usually pronounced like ‘k’, as in ‘cat’. However, ‘c’ takes on the sound of ‘s’ when it precedes ‘e’, ‘i’
or ‘y’, as in ceiling, cistern, cynic, etc.
Usually pronounced like ‘j’, as in ‘bridge’.
Usually pronounced as in ‘go’. However, before ‘e’, ‘i’ or ‘y’, ‘g’ is often pronounced like ‘j’, as in
germ, ginger, gyrate, etc.
In some words, ‘-gh’ is pronounced like ‘f’, as in laugh. However, in some words it is silent, as in
For example, ‘head’. However, in a few words, the ‘h’ is silent, as in hour, honour, etc.
Generally pronounced like the ‘c’ in ‘cat’. However, when followed by ‘n’, it is usually silent, as in
knife, knave, knight, etc.
Generally pronounced as in ‘leaf’. However, in a few words, the ‘l’ is silent, especially when followed
by ‘k’ and ‘f’, as in talk, walk, half, calf, etc.
Generally pronounced as in ‘sun’. However, in some words ‘s’ is pronounced like ‘z’, as in nose,
president, etc. In a few words, such as television and azure, ‘s’ takes on a sound generally
represented phonetically as ‘zh’.
Generally aspirated, ie, let out with a puff of air, as in think, third, etc. However, in some words,