I have been asked to prepare a report about why ww1 started. There are many reasons: short- term, medium-term and long-term. Here are the short term reasons and how they led to war.
Assassins the Black Hand gang were a bunch of Bosman Serbs who really hated Austria-Hungary. Seven of its members planned to kill the heir to the Austrian. Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand was next in line to be the leader of his country, Austria-Hungary, but not everyone in his country was happy about that. The Serbians living in Bosnia, which had been taken over and made a part of Austria-Hungary, did not want him to be in charge. Nevertheless, Archduke Ferdinand planned a trip to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. He was warned in advance that this could be a dangerous trip. All the great powers were increasing their armies and navies between 1913 and 1914.
First assassin wearing a long black coat and a black hat, asked a policeman to tell him which car the Archduke was in; seconds later he had knocked the cap off a hand grenade against a metal lamp-post and aimed it at the Archduke seated in the open car. The bomb had bounced off the folded-back hood of the Archduke's car and blew up the car behind, killing two officers and injuring about twenty people. Then later on the rest of the gang missed their chance to kill Ferdi when he drove by. Ferdi headed for the hospital to visit the bomb victims, but by an amazing chance his driver took a wrong turning. This road brought him straight past number 7and then as number 7 saw Ferdi he jumped on the car and fired two shots, killing Ferdi and his wife.
On 28 June 1914 Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb, shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
|June 28 |Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austro-Hungarian empire, |