To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of tropical revolving storms?
Tropical revolving storms are also known as hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones. They occur in when sea surface temperatures are above 27 degrees Celsius and form over the oceans in the tropics and sub-tropics. The impact of tropical revolving storms can be devastating due to the extremely high winds of over 75mph and the torrential rainfall which can cause widespread flooding. Examples of major natural disasters caused by these storms are Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and Tropical Cyclone Nargis in 2008.
The impacts however can vary in severity due to a range of human and physical factors. The human factors include how urbanised the area affected is, as built up cities tend to have impermeable surfaces which increases run-off and worsens the floods that occur. These impermeable surfaces replace trees and vegetation via deforestation which would intercept the rain and store it in the soil, allowing it to be released over a period of time and avoid severe flooding. Other human factors include warning systems put in place to predict incoming storms and inform the public about them. This can be linked in with the effectiveness of the government, as governments in developed and stable countries often deal with disasters more effectively than governments in less developed countries.
However, regardless of the human factors, the physical ones are out of our control and can mean the difference between a serious storm and a devastating storm. The most obvious one is the size of the storm, which can affect how widespread the storm is, the duration of which it lasts and the intensity which it impacts the area. The power of a storm is directly proportionate to how long it has spent over the water and how far it is from water, meaning it loses intensity as it moves further inland.
Modern technology can greatly...