In common parlance, invariably factory and industry are understood as interchangeable. This is incorrect. The term industry refers to a steady and systematic activity in which a trade is organized, whereas a factory is the place where such activities are being carried on. The entire day-to-day administration of the factories is governed by the principal Act of 1948 amended Act, which is an improvement of 1934 Act. This Act extends to the whole of India, including Jammu and Kashmir. Unless otherwise provided, it also applies to factories belonging to the Central and State Governments
The Act is applicable to the premises wherein: -
(i) 10 or more workers are employed with use of power
(ii) 20 or more workers are employed without the use of power
(iii) Less than 10 workers, if activity is notified by the State Government.
Engaged in manufacturing activities.
Factories act 1948, is a central act, enforced by the state governments making the relevant rules to extend scope and objectives of the Act.
The Act is applicable to all the factories including state, and Central Government.
PROVISIONS RELATED TO APPROVAL, REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF FACTORIES:
(l) The State Government may make rules-
1[(a) Requiring for the purposes of this Act, the submission of plans of any class or description of factories to the Chief Inspector or the State Government;]
2[(aa)] Requiring the previous permission in writing of the State Government or the Chief Inspector to be obtained for the site on which the factory is to be situated and for the construction or extension of any factory or class or description of factories:
(b) Requiring for the purposes of considering applications for such permission the submission of plans and specifications;
(c) Prescribing the nature of such plans and specifications and by whom they shall be certified
(d) Requiring the registration and licensing of factories or any class or description of factories, and prescribing the...