Support of hypothesis:
Football United Study
Supportive coach-athlete relationships
Sport development program
Prosocial behavior in teenagers
Task oriented goals in youth sports programs
Super bowl winning city
Sports are a mechanism used to build relationships across cultural boundaries and to build positive interactions among young people. Studies report that teenagers and children, who play a sport, like football gain positive prosocial attitudes (Rutten2011). For a child being on a sports team they feel like there a part of a group. Football gives the teenagers and children an achievement goal orientation. Later in life children who played football will carry the characteristics that they gained and will be more likely to be prosocial rather than antisocial.
The effects of a sport like football provide peer and prosocial relationships for young people. A study reports an impact evaluation of a sport-for-development program in Australia. The study included two Football United and two Comparison schools where Football United was not operating. The survey instrument was composed of previously validated measures including emotional symptoms, peer problems and relationships, prosocial behavior, other-group orientation, feelings of social inclusion, belonging, and resilience. The results were young people who participated in Football United showed significantly higher levels of other-group orientation than a Comparison Group (who did not participate in the program). The Football United boys had significantly lower scores on the peer problem scale and significantly higher scores on the prosocial scale than boys in the Comparison Group. A lower score on peer problems and higher
scores on prosocial behavior in the survey were associated with regularity of attendance at Football United.
Coaches who maintain...