Foundations of the Human Development in the Social Environment
The bio-psycho-social dimensions of human behavior are made up of biological physiological and social factors that explain human behavior. The biological dimensions that can be determined by behavior are genetics, and heredity. Genetics is mostly determined by DNA. Intelligence is determined by genes. Another aspect of bio- psycho-social dimensions is social aspect. We must consider the influence that family and culture has on human behavior. The bio-psychosocial model is quite useful in understanding behavior because it explains some of the things that human beings cannot control and some of the things that they can. There is a limit to this approach because it does not count the moral aspect of the human nature. In the model, issues such as love, freedom etc cannot be explained.
The strengths perspective is a tool that is useful in increasing sensitivity to human diversity, and helps to understand people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Different groups of people translate hand motions, eye contact, and non-verbal communications in different ways. That is why when professionals master cross-culture communications it helps to master communications between families, groups, individuals and communities of people with color. This requires keen observations, listening skills, learning about clients culture, beliefs, and traditions.
Cultural competence is a set of attitudes, skills, behaviors, and policies that help organizations and staff to work effectively when dealing with cross culture. Cultural competence also focuses on population specific issues such as health related beliefs, cultural values, disease prevalence, and treatment efficiency. A culturally competent provider can mean the difference between a person succeeding or failing. Language differences can affect the minority and majority populations. Social workers who are trained in culture competence care can...