Freedom of press is the rights to communicate ideas, perception and information without being restrict by government. In United States, press freedom is protected by the First Amendments, stated that “no law shall be made to abridge press freedom or freedom of press”. Press freedom satisfied individual’s needs and society’s need for a maximum flow of information. Thus, it becomes an important element for democratic government. However, there are a lot argument on this topic. Dennis debated that press is not absolute free and the meaning of free press is not properly defined. He believed that there is restriction of press freedom from both public and private sector. Besides that, Merrill argued that American media is free in ordinary sense. She stated that there is journalistic autonomy where the directors will select what news to publish. Hence, newsroom policies and directives are not applicable to press freedom.
The American media is not absolute free with official and private limitations on the press. In this case study, there is a misperception about the concept of freedom. People argued about whether freedom should be absolute or conditional. The press freedoms in American are conditioned on various exemptions. Journalistic autonomy and newsroom policies restrict the press freedom. Furthermore, there is debate stated that freedom should has certain level of restriction and responsibility. Those exemptions are necessary because press rights tend to yield to other interests like war, national defense, defamation and others. Individuals will have self-determined restrictions, where they will practice freedoms with responsibilities and duties to the society.
The approaches taken to address the issue is enforcing of laws and regulations by the government. The First Amendment protects the press freedom as no law shall restrict the free speech or press. The act prevents government or other party to restrict freedom of expression. However,...