Psychology of Personality
WA 2: Summarize Freud's stages of psychosexual development.
Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development are a series of stages based on Sigmund Freud’s belief that people develop through life periods based upon a particular erogenous zone. During each stage, Freud proposed that all exhibited actions were childhood expressions of sexual fantasy and desire. Freud’s five stages of development are the oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital stages.
First, the oral stage. Time period for this stage are from child birth to eighteen months. During this process, a child becomes driven on oral enjoyment. Unstable amounts of fulfillment could end with oral obsession or oral individuality which becomes exhibited through individual focus concerning with oral behaviors. Children in this category could become extremely reliant towards others, impressionable as well as easily to be lead. Conversely, the potential of becoming combative may assist in developing negative and hostile reflective behaviors.
Second, the anal stage. Time parameters for this format are from eighteen months to three years. During this development, an adolescent attention of satisfaction is centered upon extracting and maintaining feces. Primary focus is the learning as well as controlling of anal excitement. Potential conclusions of an anal obsession could result in a fixation with hygiene, excellence, and power. On the other hand, adolescents could become untidy and incompetent.
Third, the phallic stage. Time restraints concerning this bracket are from three to six years of age. During this period adolescent boys develop unconscious intimate urges towards his mother and girls develop similar attractions for their father. For these motives, girls acquire animosity for their mothers and comparably, boys obtain distain for their fathers. Ultimately both sexes decide to identify with each rival parent instead...