Freud claims often the reason a person suffers from hysteria is repression. He states that we all have sexual desires, as it is natural, but our culture and society along with many other factors influence what we do about these desires. We either confront these desires by performing our fantasies, which can make us perverts, or we repress them, which can make us hysterical. Freud explains that most people, including Dora, repress their libidinal energy because our civilization enforces upon us what being “normal” is like. Due to the given definition of normality, we do things we really do not want to do because it is the “right” thing to do. Most of the time doing this requires sublimation, rechanneling our energies toward something else.
Furthermore, Freud argues that we have to confront these sexual desires, which requires making the “unconscious” conscious. The unconscious is revealed to various ways, but Freud exclaims dreams are the primary driver of getting in touch with the unconscious. He states that dreams are an avenue through which dramatic experiences in our past manifest themselves and that by examining each component of the dream we can we can determine the underlying traumatic experiences and reveal their hidden messages. Furthermore, Freud explains two psychological effects that he believes are associated with traumatic events. The first is the “reversal of affect”, in which an act that would normally be pleasurable has the opposite effect. He second is the phenomenon of “displacement”, in which sensation felt during a traumatic experience in one part of the body is later felt in another, seemingly unaffected region. In short, Freud states that dreams are the unconscious attempt trying to get individuals to become conscious of what they have repressed.
Hence, when Dora tells him about her first dream, he comes to conclusions on what it represented. He exclaims that Dora’s first dream was not simply about their house catching on...