Gender Differences in Spouse Caregiver Strain: Socialization and Role Explanations
In a world today we have many gender differences in Society. People are quick to label roles as either masculine or feminine, and if you are seen doing something ”out of the ordinary” with in our gender roles you may be looked down on, or thought less of. In Miller’s article she goes on to discuss if and any gender differences that may occur during spouse caregiving. Miller uses “a multivariate model in which caregiver strains were a function of caregiver stressors and support resources.” According to the article, “spouses provide the most consistent and dependable care, and they resist institutional placements of the disabled elderly for a longer period of time than non-spouse caregivers.”
Perhaps because spousal care is taken for granted as part of the marriage contract, Miller feels little attention has been paid to differences between husbands and wives in caregiving experiences and outcomes. Miller studied three general areas of stress when dealing with caregiving. A three-stage hierarchical regression model assessed the effect of gender pertaining to caregiver stress. They include time strain, health strain, and emotional strain.
To gather results, miller had her case studies add together points depending on certain variables that coexist with the three elements of strain. The difference strain between gender was found to be small; wives held higher scores of health strains only. This appeared due to results from situational factors and traditional gender-role socializations. Emotional strain and time strain were, for the most part equally scored.
The article in short was looking to study any strains that may differ between gender during caregiving. If the strain from such related tasks really had a major impact between man and women? Are men better at managing an ill family member? Are woman more fit to actually take care of such...