Guantanamo Bay is a detainment facility of the United States located in Cuba. The facility is operated by Joint Task Force Guantánamo of the United States government since 2002 in Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, which is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay. “GITMO” is the nickname for the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base which covers the southern portion of Guantanamo Bay. Since 2002, the base has included the detainment camp for suspected terrorists. In 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama gave orders for the detention camp to be closed by 22 January 2010. As of February 2010, the detention camp remains open. GITMO was established in 1898, when the United States took control of Cuba from Spain following the Spanish-American War.
The detainment areas consist of three camps: Camp Delta (which includes Camp Echo), Camp Iguana, and Camp X-Ray, the last of which has been closed. Camp Delta is a 612-unit detention center finished in April 2002. It includes detention camps 1 through 6 as well as Camp Echo, where pre-commissions are held. Security is provided by the United States Department of Homeland Security. Camp Iguana is a much smaller, low-security compound, located about a kilometer from the main compound. In 2002 and 2003, it housed three detainees who were under 16 and was closed when they were flown home in January 2004. It was reopened in mid-2005 to house some of the 38 detainees who were determined by the Combatant Status Review Tribunals as no longer being "enemy combatants", and Camp X-Ray which was a temporary detention facility that was closed in April 2002. Its prisoners were transferred to Camp Delta.
After the Justice Department advised that the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp could be considered outside U.S. legal jurisdiction, prisoners captured in Afghanistan were moved there beginning in early 2000. After the Bush administration asserted that detainees were not entitled to any of the protections of the Geneva Conventions, the U.S. Supreme...