With the development of Internet, transportation and closer relationship between countries, nowadays we heard of “globalization” more frequently in the daily life. Different countries and the people from different places have more connection and communication with each other than before. This is a human social phenomenon. In this big world stage, more relation not only means more opportunities, but also more competition. To research the advantages and disadvantages of globalization can help to catch the chance and avoid the risk and maintain a momentum of healthy development.
I will briefly talk about what is globalization and its effects to different areas at the beginning. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages will be presented to show how these factors influence the developed and developing country respectively.
II. What is globalization?
The globalization is just a concept which generally means an increase of global connections, the human life based on the global scale and an increase of global consciousness. The politics and economic trade rely on each other. The globalization can be recognized as the integration of the world. Actually, Globalization is not a new phenomenon, which not happened in recent years. In ancient time, China exported tea and silk to Europe. That the west Europe started colonial times can be considered as the beginning of the globalization. It began at the end of the nineteenth century, but it slowed down during the period from the start of the First World War to the third quarter of the twentieth century. However, the paces of globalization picked up speed during the fourth quarter of the twentieth century.
A. Economy: The emergence of market makes the goods exportation more easily. International trades make the industrial companies develop fast. Meanwhile, the companies should upgrade their products, and adopt advanced technology in order to be faced with more competition.