As with many of the social sciences, sociology and cultural anthropology rely upon specified investigational and research techniques. While many of these investigational approaches have similar characteristics and qualities in regard to generally accepted research methods, they also differ according to intent, purpose, and methodology. These differences are often philosophical in nature and are reflective of the inherent differences between the disciplines of sociology and cultural anthropology. As with all areas of inquiry, sociology and anthropology have methods of research that are based on approaches to inquiry and discovery with philosophical roots. Such philosophical roots determine the degree to which a researcher will interact with participants and make inferences or conclusions about certain observable phenomena.
Write a brief essay (suggested length of 2–4 pages) in which you do the following:
A. Describe two research methods used in sociology.
1. Discuss the justifications for one of these sociological research methods.
B. Describe two research methods used in cultural anthropology. (At least one of the research methods chosen must differ from those that you have identified for the discipline of sociology.)
1. Discuss the justifications for one of these anthropological research methods. (The justification must differ from what you have identified for methods in sociology.)
C. Compare and contrast sociological and anthropological approaches to research based on the methods you have described.
D. When you use sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, provide acknowledgement of source information for any content that is quoted, paraphrased or summarized. Acknowledgement of source information includes in-text citation noting specifically where in the submission the source is used and a corresponding reference, which includes:
• Location of information (e.g.,...