Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect
This journal article covers the principal objectives of the NIS-3 and NIS-4 (National Incidence Study), which collected data in 2005-2006, and the objective was to provide updated estimates of the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States and measure changes in incidence from the earlier studies. The study goes in depth into the lives’ of the children the CPS agencies investigate. The NIS investigational reports/data include estimates from children who were both abused and neglected while either in CPS custody or not.
The NIS-4 data was derived from nationally representative sample from 122 counties. 126 CPS agencies within these counties were key participants by providing allot of the demographic data on all the children. Using the Harm Standard, the following data was found. Based on the data, the estimated number of sexually abused children decreased from 217,100 in 1993 to 135,300 in 2005-2006. Which is a 38% decrease from the number of sexually abused children and a 44% decrease in the rate of sexual abuse. The number of children who experienced physical abuse decreased from an estimated 381,700 to an estimated 323,000 (which was a 15% decrease in and a 23% decline in the rate). Further, the estimated number of emotionally abused children was 204,500 which also decreased to 148,500 (which was a 27% decrease in number and a 33% decline in the rate).
In addition to this form of data collected through the Harm Standard the same information was collected during the same time frame, using the Endangerment Standard. This journal article also, goes in depth about how a child’s characteristics can play a role in the neglect and abuse of a child. Characteristics such as a child’s sex, age, race/ethnicity, disability are in this journal. Characteristics of the child’s family and the "perpetrators," are also contributing factors in this data collection of why, who, and what cause's...