* Gathering information about the health status of a patient, analyzing and synthesizing those data, making judgments about nursing interventions based on the findings and evaluating patient care outcomes.
* Process by which people maintain balance and direction in the most favorable environment.
Health Belief Model
* Considers the relationship between a person's beliefs and actions. The elements of the model include the host (patient), agent (disease), and environment.
Health Promotion Model
* Views individuals as multidimensional and in interaction with interpersonal and physical environments as they pursue health.
* Involves strategies aimed at preventing problems. Immunizations, health teaching, safety precautions, and nutrition counseling are examples.
* Includes the early diagnosis of health problems and prompt treatment to prevent complications. Vision screening, Pap smears, BP screening, hearing testing, scoliosis screening, and tuberculin skin testing are examples.
* Focuses on preventing complications of an existing disease and promoting health to the highest level. Diet teaching for patients with diabetes, inhaler teaching for patients with lung disease, and exercise programs for those who have had myocardial infarction for example.
* A systematic problem-solving approach to identify and treating human responses to actual or potential health problem.
* Includes gathering and clustering data to draw inferences and purpose diagnoses.
* Those that nurses are monitoring but require the expertise of other health care providers for interventions.
* Involves a life-threatening or unstable situation, such as a patient in an emergency department who has experienced a traumatic injury.
* Includes a complete health...