Information systems life cycle
System investigation is important to envelop all the health data necessary to connect all the processes in the institution. This ensures no data is left out and that information is captured entirely. This stage needs appropriate and proper skill and expertise to effectively use the data properly (Hoffer, 2002).
System analysis and design stage allows for framing of all the information into working models which are then converted into a working system. This is made to reflect the institution’s processes. This stage needs health modeling methods to develop a proper diagram of flow of data (Hoffer, 2002).
Systems coding stage is the actual implementation stage of the information. Its impact would create a better understanding of the institution’s processes by the patient. It bridges the gap between the planning and implementation stages (Hoffer, 2002).
Systems implementation stage facilitates working of the system. It has a huge impact in that faults at this stage may lead to a poor working model for the organization (Hoffer, 2002).
Levels of organizational decision making
Healthcare decision making can be categorized into three levels: macro, meso and micro levels. Macro level refers to the highest level of decision making. It involves extensive governmental decisions which decide on the availability and allocation of resources to the health care system. Taxation levels which go towards healthcare are some of the decisions made at this level (Monagle & Thomasma, 1998).
Meso level decisions are made at the level of health program formulation. This is where the different health programs like immunization are included in the institution’s budget. Micro level decisions are made at individual patient levels. This is where the institution makes decisions on the patient’s mode of treatment, drug administration, mode of feeding and discharge. These decisions are tailored to suit each individual differently (Monagle & Thomasma,...