History and sights of London.
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic, and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million. So I think it is necessary to talk about history and sights of London.
London is "a nation, not a city", in such a way Benjamin Disraeli described the British capital. It's a particular and unique capital famous for its size and location, for being the home of the oldest surviving monarchy in the West, and of course, for the presence of the City, which is the best European centre of finance. London is characterised by its mixture of commerce and history. The British capital is 2000 years old and it had been founded many years before the first Roman invasion. William the Conqueror and later King John confirmed its independence. English liberties were written in a famous document, called Magna Carta, in 1215. Medieval image of London was completely ruined because of two great misfortunes in England in the 17th century. The Great Plaque (1665) killed about 1/5 of the population, and the Great Fire (1666) destroyed 3000 houses and almost all the churches in the flame. To commemorate the Great Fire the Monument was erected by Sir Christopher Wren. It's an imposing column (61-m height), topped with a flaming urn of bronze.
Modern London was founded on the place of two ancient cities London and Westminster. They turned into the modern capital in the course of time. Now the territory of the British capital is more then 480 sq.km with the population, of more than 8000000.
London is divided into 4 parts.
1. The City - is the heart of the business and. financial life of the country.
2. The Westminster is the main part of central London, where Westminster Abbey, the Houses of Parliament, and other important historic buildings are located.
3. The East End - is the eastern part of central London, the traditional poor area of London's...