With the start of Presidents after the Revolution, the United States elected their presidents by being chosen by convention or by petition. But the U.S needed a more organized and truthful way of deciding who will be the next leader of America. While a lot of states used a form of debating meetings, like the caucus system, to choose their candidate. In 1901 Florida passed the nations first primary law, by 1916 twenty-five states had passed presidential primary laws.
In the summer of every presidential election year, political parties in the United States have national conventions to choose their presidential candidates. At the conventions, the presidential candidates are selected by groups of delegates from each state. After a series of speeches and demonstrations in support of each candidate, the delegates begin to vote for the candidate of their choice.
Today no matter how much the states change rules there remain two methods by which to choose the delegates: the caucus and the primary.
The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses is one of the first steps in the process of electing the President of the United States of America. The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while caucuses are private events run by the political parties. Every presidential election year in the United States, political party members have the opportunity to nominate the candidate or candidates they believe are most electable to the public in November.
The Primary: The majority of states in the United States use the primary system to choose there presidential candidate, because it saves a lot more time than caucus. Voting is done through a secret ballot. There are two types of primaries, closed and open. Closed primary is when voters my vote only in the primary of the political party in which they registered. In an open primary, registered voters can vote in the primary of either party, but are allowed to vote in only one primary.