Greek tragedy is an imitation of an action that is admirable, complete, composed of an introduction, a middle part and an ending, and possesses magnitude. In language it is made pleasurable. Each of its species separated in different parts performed by actors, not through narration. Effecting through pity and fear which are the purification of such emotions.
According to the philosopher, Aristotle, tragedy characterized by seriousness and dignity and involving a great person who experiences a reversal of fortune. The structure of the best tragedy should not be simple but complex, and one that represents incidents arousing fear and pity; for that is peculiar to this form of art. This reversal of fortune may be caused by the tragic hero’s hamartia, which is often mistaken as a character flaw, but is more correctly translated as a mistake. According to Aristotle, the change to bad fortune which he undergoes is not due to any moral defect or flaw, but is a mistake of some kind. The reversal is the inevitable but unforeseen result of some action taken by the hero. It is also a misconception that this reversal can be brought about by a higher power such a the law, a god, or society itself.
Each tragedy should also consist of a protagonist and antagonist. A protagonist is usually the main character of the story, and is usually the good guy. An antagonist is the character in a story that tries to cause many problems or conflicts with the main character.
In this tragedy “Antigone”, the protagonist is Antigone. She is the main character of the story that is trying to do the good or right thing. But she is conflicted by the antagonist, which is Creon, when he states that no one shall bury the body of Polyneices. This causes a great problem in the story, and causes Creon to go into an outrage.
Each tragedy should have a tragic hero. A tragic hero is...