HUMAN CLONING, ETHICAL OR NOT ?
Dolly the sheep 1
In 1997, a group of scientist from Roslin Institute, Scotland, shocked the word with reporting the first successful cloning process from an adult cell of an ewe named Dolly. Various reactions emerged from varied community, including the scientists, the leader of the religion, and the legal practitioner. This case was the first time the cloning process from the mature cell succeeded in being carried out against a mammalian animal and was frightened, or it was hoped, can develop by the cloning process against humankind. The human cloning as a matter a fact is not new in the world of science and medical, several institutions are already began to make cloning as a part of the health business, although the contra from the world communities still continued to attack this technology.
Introduction to Cloning
The word cloning came from Greece “clone” which mean twig or branch. Cloning is the process of creating an identical copy of something. In biology, it collectively refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organism2. The process begin with removing the nucleus of an egg cell and isolate another nucleus with genetical material from the source cell. Then the isolated nucleus is fused to the empty egg cell using electricity. The occupied cell is now ready to grow as an embryo. This embryo will become baby as can bee seen in the picture below.
The Diagram of Human Cloning Process 3
Beside the reproductive cloning as above, there are also other various of cloning which called the therapeutic cloning. This kind of cloning, also called "embryo cloning," is the production of human embryos for use in research. The goal of this process is not to create cloned human beings, but rather to harvest stem cells that can be used to study human development and to treat disease. Stem cells are important to biomedical researchers because they can be used...