Human Genome Project

Human Genome Project


As we move forward into the future so does our technology. In the last years our technology has increasingly advanced; one of the big fields that technology has increased in is science. There have been several developments, from new drugs to new vaccine to new robots that can perform surgery with pinpoint accuracy. One of the biggest accomplishments in the recent years was the completion of the Human Genome Projects (HGP). This was a project lead by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health that was completed in 2003; the development of this project took thirteen years. It is consider one of the largest single investigative projects of modern times. Even though the Project has been completed, scientists will still be researching the Human Genome Project for many years to come. Five countries and approximately one hundredth scientist worked together on the HGP in other to finish it. Most people are unaware of the importance of this project.

The Human Genome Project began in October, 1990. It was started by Ari Patrinos and Francis Collins. Ari Patrinos, at that time was the head of Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the U.S. Department of Energy. Francis Collins directed the National Institutes of Health involvement in the project. The main goal of the project was too identify all genes in human DNA, also to determine the sequence of the billion chemical base pair that make up human DNA. As well as to store all this information in a database that could be access by the private sectors and the government. Having access to this knowledge is important in the development of medicine and other medical equipment. Furthermore getting a better understanding of the human body is also crucial.

The Human Genome Project brought success but it also came with many ethical issues. Some of the issues were whether or not the public should have access to this information. Having access to somebody’s DNA can...

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