Human trafficking is an illegal form of modern day slavery. Child slavery is a contemporary global problem where children are being used for forced labor as well as prostitution. Child trafficking victims may be subjected to various forms of exploitation. These consist of child prostitution and pornography; child labor; debt bondage; street begging; drug trafficking; illegal adoptions; and organ trafficking.
Most of the time the kind of activities the children are exposed to may depend on their age and gender. “Women and girls make up 56% of persons trafficked for the purpose of forced labor while men and boys make up 44%” (Hepburn). Young girls are usually employed as domestic servants. Many of these children are given up by their parents when they are very young, making them even more vulnerable and helpless. Children as young as four years old are pulled into the maze of child trafficking. “…children constitute 40-50% of the overall forced labor population” (Hepburn). There are immense amount of children exposed to child labor. “According to the ILO approximately 180 million working children between 5 and 17 years old are engaged all over the world in the worst forms of child labor…” (Scarpa). In history, many ancient societies were founded by on slavery and exploitation. Even though it is a long traveled tradition, nations should try harder to fight against slave trade and trafficking. “Between 1839 and 1890 more than 300 international agreements to abolish slavery and the slave trade were adopted, but none of them was effective” (Scarpa). Although there have been plenty of attempts to put a stop to such a horrible issue, there are still too many children who may never be helped.
The different typed of exploitation these children are subject to are more serious than we can tell from the outside looking in. Forced labor consists of the children being violently forced to work. “…forced labor may result when unscrupulous employers...