“Impact of Globalization in Less Developed Countries”
Some Reflections on Globalization, Less Developed Countries.
The aim of the paper is to show that in reality globalization is an effectively global process because it is of extreme importance for all the countries on earth, including the poorest and least developed of them. Aside from the current impact of globalization on these latter countries, the paper argues that it is not possible to find a solution to the problem of envelopment which does not involve globalization – which accordingly assumes (at least potentially) a strongly positive connotation. On the other hand, it is precisely the existence of problems of global scope – those of development, and in particular of its sustainability –which shows, I believe, the validity and utility of the concept of globalization, distinguishing it from mere internationalization and marking a sharp break with the past.
Keywords: globalization; least developed countries; sustainability; development.
Address for correspondence
At least since the first half of the 1990s the term globalization, and the concept that it denotes, have enjoyed extraordinary success in the social sciences (Vaccarini, 2000) – and in other areas besides. I have shown elsewhere (Caselli, 2002) that this success, and the enormous scientific output that has been its cause, but also – and perhaps above all – its consequence, (Dore, 1996) has not been matched by the growth of a relatively uniform and structured body of knowledge. Many of the now extremely numerous studies on the topic are contradictory; so much so, in fact, that we still await a definition of the phenomenon which meets with the approval of the majority of scholars.
Three theses against globalization
In what follows I intend to show that despite the extraordinary success just mentioned, there are numerous authors – working in the various disciplines of...