Indians all Our Lives, 1890-1920
The Indian territory during the late eighteen century were formed out form out of many different bands or tribes which righted over each other to gain more territory, by the mid nineteen century they had to confront a different enemy another expanding power in the region called the United States, who was pushing into the heart of the northern Plains and were demanding access to all of its land and resources. To expedite settlement by outsiders of Native land, the U.S government negotiated one of the major treaties with Indian communities, which promise was later abandoned after the U.S. government found gold in the Black Hills.
After the arrival of a federal agent to the Pine Ridge in 1890, the U.S. army was requested in Indian Territory to confront the Indians which were inevitable. In December two terrible confrontations occurred. One happened on Standing Rock between some of his followers and Lakotas who had joined the agency police force. The other tragedy happened two weeks later. The Lakotas were ordered to surrender all their weapons and implements. It is unknown how many Lakotas were killed but at least 300 died in the massacre and 25 whites also perished.
The Superintendent of the U.S. Census declared the end of the frontier in the year 1890, it denoted closure and declared an ending, however the massacre and the census had been given a degree of power that they did not fully possessed. May other Natives had their own wars to remember and recalled the massacre as a battle rather than a massacre. And it sure did not signal the end of the frontier because farmers, ranchers, miners, and other continued to seek the natural resources of lands new to them weather the lands were occupied or not. The completion of transcontinental railroad, growth of cities, and the development of new industries increased U.S. control over Indian communities’ whether they were labeled as treaties or agreements. This provided them...