Industrial revolution-combine harvester
The industrial revolution was a period of evolution in technology, agriculture, and human rights in-between 1750’s to the early 1900’s. inventions of this period had substantial influence on everyday human life. One of these inventions was the combine harvester which increased the production and storage of grain crops. While traditional methods of harvesting were slow and costly. The new combine harvester made this a much faster and far more productive process. Combine harvesters are one of the most economically important labor saving inventions, allowing a small percentage of the population to be involed in agriculture. While this period saw a great change and improvement in the life of many people it was also a time of great suffering. People were losing their jobs to the new machines, and being transported to distant countries away from their families for petty crimes like stealing food because they have lost their jobs and were starving to death along with their families.
The combine harvester was invented in the United States by Hiram moore in 1834, and early versions were pulled by mule teams. In 1835, Hiram Moore built a full-scale version and by 1839, over 50 acres of crops were harvested. By 1860, combine harvesters with a cutting width of several meters were used on American farms. George Stockton Berry integrated the combine harvester with a steam engine using straw to heat the boiler.
The combine harvester was a piece of farming machinery that as the name suggests it combined the three main stages of harvesting. Reaping the crops (the cutting of standing crops), thrashing (separating the grain and seeds from the husks), and winnowing (cleaning the grains through the use of riddles and sieves using an air blast). This made the process of harvesting much faster as one machine could replace seven man’s work for a lower cost and was able to work non-stop for weeks without food or rest.