Introduction to the Old Testament
Introduction, Inspiration, and the Canon
I. Why should we study the Old Testament
A. Reasons that the Old Testament is not studied.
1. A misunderstanding of Law and Grace.
2. Failure to see how it relates to life today.
3. Some long passages are technical in nature.
4. They feel that the God of the Old Testament is harsh and hateful.
B. Reasons why we must study the Old Testament.
1. It teaches us basic truths about God’s nature; His majesty, power, and holiness.
2. It enables us to understand God’s plan, purpose, and covenant promises concerning the nation of Israel.
3. It allows us to understand God’s plan of redemption; past, present, and future.
4. Much of the New Testament is dependent upon the Old Testament.
a. In the New Testament many prophecies from the Old Testament are fulfilled.
b. Many pictures and stories in the New Testament are better understood in light of the Old Testament. (Passover/communion, Red Sea/Baptism)
5. The person of Christ is seen in pictures and prophecies throughout the Old Testament.
II. The Theme of the Old Testament.-God’s Plan of redemption for Mankind through the Nation of Israel.
III. The Language of the Old Testament-The Old Testament was written in Hebrew with portions of Ezra & Daniel written in Aramaic. ( Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26; Daniel 2:4b-7:28)
IV. The Inspiration of the Old Testament-
A. Definition of inspiration-God, the Holy Spirit guided the writers so that what they wrote was directly from God without error. It was “God Breathed.” Because of this it is authoritative and capable of changing lives.
II Timothy 3:15-17; II Peter 1:19-21; Hebrews 1:1,2
B. The importance of Divine inspiration.
1. If the Old Testament is not inspired of God:
a. It is only a great book, written by man.
b. It would contain errors.
c. It would not be...