INFLUENTIAL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Influential Aspects of International Relations
1. Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) refer to multinational governmental associations that consist of multiple states, such as the European Union, the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the African Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.1 IGOs typically manage international relations issues, resolve conflicts between nations, determine trading policies, and implement official laws.2 IGOs are influential because the organizations contain legislative bodies that can make significant decisions and codify the decisions into laws that become officially binding and mandatory for each member state that belongs to the given organization.
NGOs are non-profit organizations that help fulfill beneficial causes but that do not possess governmental authority. Examples of NGOs include the Red Cross, the AIDS Action Foundation, the European American Business Council, and the Global Resource Action Center for the Environment. NGOs provide services to help develop impoverished communities or nations, promote healthy environments, increase educational opportunities, enhance trading standards, and supply resources for disenfranchised regions.3 Although NGO’s lack governmental power and legislative authority, the involvement with governmental organizations provides NGO’s with significant influence regarding political decisions and legal mandates.
2. The tragedy of the commons is an economic theory expressed by Garrett Hardin in 1968. The theory asserts that individuals tend to be motivated by their own self-interest and are vulnerable to recklessly utilize and deplete a shared limited resource to obtain short-term gains despite the fact that the excessive depletion of the resource can dramatically impair the individual or other people in the long-term.4 This theory is especially...