Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicular Emission
Sagar C. Jirapure
Lecturer, Dept. Of Mechanical Engineering
DES’S COE & T, Dhamangaon Rly.
Dhamangaon Rly Dt: Amravati (MS) India
Abstract— The air pollution is viewed as the most serious problem in many cities in India and accordingly Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has selected the cities depending upon the pollution load due to various activities. Air pollution has become a serious global environmental issue and the problem is particularly severe in Asia’s developing countries. In numerous large Asian cities, concentrations of noxious substances already exceed allowable limits and standards set by those countries. Mobile source emissions contribute significantly to such air pollution problems, an inevitable situation when the quantity of the world’s vehicles has increased by 15 times within the past 60 years. There currently exist approximately 700 million motorized vehicles worldwide, producing vast quantities of CO, NOx and other pollutants. Air pollution causes serious community health problems, including respiratory disease, cancer, nervous system problems, and other health issues. Often, the poor are disproportionately affected by vehicle emissions as they frequently live nearest to roads and traffic networks, and cannot afford to move. In recognition of the significant and pressing problem of air pollution in Asia, Rapid economic growth, growing mobility, increasing purchasing power, and rising demand for goods have made India one of the fastest growing auto markets in the world. From 1990 to 2007, the total number of registered civil-use vehicles in India grew from 5.5 million to 57 million (not including motorcycles). The majority of these vehicles are used in populous metropolitan areas. Consequently, vehicle emissions have become an increasingly conspicuous contributor to air pollution in India urban areas. Despite the fact that India has made much progress...