Intelligence and Measurements
Intelligence and Intelligence Tests
Intelligence has many definitions and different meanings by far. One way intelligence can be defined would be as the capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity (Darity, 2008). Intelligence has been studied for many years. Tests have been developed to determine a person’s intelligence level. An intelligence test is a psychological test designed to measure a variety of mental functions, such as reasoning, comprehension, and judgment (Fundukian and Wilson, 2008). The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, the Wechsler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligence, the Wechsler-Adult Intelligence Scale, and the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales are the most commonly used intelligence tests (Fundukian and Wilson, 2008).
When testing intelligence, many different assessments can be conducted. Some assessments which can be conducted are cognitive skills, memory skills, social skills, critical thinking skills, and problem solving skills. Children may be tested to see if they have special abilities and adults may be tested to determine their strengths and weaknesses relating to life skills. This paper will go into detail pertaining to the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System-Third Edition (CASAS), as it relates to the Wechsler-Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III) and Teacher Observation Scales for Identifying Children with Special Abilities, as it relates to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV).
CASAS. The Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System-Third Edition (CASAS) Employability Competency Series and Life Skills Series Tests are composed of a series of tests that can be used to evaluate student ability levels in Reading, Math and Listening (CASAS, 1980-2004). This test can be conducted to follow students’ goals and learning patterns. The emphasis is on functional life skill development in late adolescent...