When writing any texts about belonging, the main importance for the writer is to make sure that readers can understand his perceptions and ideas about belonging in his text. As each individual has their own knowledge about belonging, ideas① baout belonging would differ between writer and reader; that’s why most writers subtly create senses of belonging by using techniques like imagery and symbolism so that each reader can understand belonging in their own impression.
In “The Catcher in the Rye” J.D.
asdo Mumble is born different to other baby Emperor Penguins. He is happy with his feet, loves
to dance, but cannot sing.
o Emperor Penguins who cannot sing are doomed to be alone because they cannot sing
their heartsong to attract a mate.
o What makes Mumble happy is dancing- that is when he feels free and truly himself.
o Does not do well at school because he cannot sing and imagines what the world far
beyond the ice is like.
o Elders in Penguin Tribe think Mumble is leading other penguins astray with his hippety
hop- he was always a ‘bad egg’ and is the victim of their disapproval and blamed
because of his difference.
o When it is discovered that his father Memphis dropped the egg, the belief is confirmed
that somehow Mumble is cracked and mad and responsible, because of his difference,
for the fish famine and troubles of the penguins.
o He is exluded and banished from the group for being different and although sad, is
courageous and determined to find the aliens who are stealing the fish.
o Meets some Mexican penguins with whom he makes friends and who adore his dancingthey think the ‘Big Guy’ is cool, follow him and lead him to their Guru, called ‘Loveless’.
o Loveless wears a plastic necklace and claims to have met ‘mystic beings’ which Mumble
discovers not to be true. Later in the film, Mumble risks his own life to save Loveless.
o Mumbles is determined to find out who is stealing the fish from their waters and to appeal