Introduction to Learning Paper
July 28, 2015
While learning is a very important topic in modern psychology, however, it is considered difficult concept to describe. Many definitions describe learning as understanding, comprehension and knowledge. However, many psychologists find this definition unacceptable. In this paper will define learning as well as explain what the role of behavior in learning. Additionally this paper will describe two types of learning and relationship between learning and cognition.
According to Gregory Kimble, learning is "a relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice" ( Olson and Hergenhahn, 2013). Learning became one of the greatest focused during early twentieth century. Today learning remains to be critical concepts that used in different areas of psychology such as cognitive, educational, developmental and social psychology. Learning can be divided into two categories: cognitive and behavioral learning theories. Cognitive learning theory suggested that different process concerning learning can be explained by analyzing the mental process first (Sincero, 2011). Behavioral learning theory, however, suggested that behavior is learned from society, media or the individual's environment.
Behavior has always had a close relationship with learning, as generally learning acquired trough behavior. The behavior, for example, can help individuals to learn trough their experience, whether the experience is negative or positive. By experience, some of the events individuals can predict the knowledge of the outcome.
While learning is a more general way to describe behavioral changes, conditioning, however, is a specific way of describing actual procedures. Conditioning was first introduced by Pavlov and later by Skinner. Since there are two types of conditioning, many theorists suggested that there two types...