IVF vs ICSI
The risk of IVF treatment vs ICSI
Various NGOs, churches and human rights groups have condemned the practice of IVF since it involves the destruction of human embryos. The defenders of IVF advocate the notion that human life does not start during the embryonic stage, and that IVF procedure in no way intrudes upon symbolic barriers protecting human dignity. However the main issue is the risk involved in undergoing IVF and ICSI procedures.
During the IVF procedure more than one embryo is placed in a woman's uterus during a single cycle. The IVF success rate is relatively low so the use of multiple embryos increases the chance of pregnancy. However, it also dramatically increases the risk of multiple-birth and associated risks for both mother and babies. Multiple pregnancies occur in around 10-30% of IVF assisted cycles. Recent data from the USA shows that 32% of pregnancies after IVF were twins and 7% were triplets or more. (Women’s Health Resources)
Women carrying a multiple pregnancy may need to spend weeks or months in bed resting during the pregnancy. Besides, there is a greater risk of late miscarriage or premature delivery. The fertility drugs used to stimulate egg production themselves can have severe side effects. The woman will be closely monitored so as not to develop ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS) that might cause abdominal bloating and tenderness..(Women’s Health Resources) Additional risks from IVF include injuries to the bowel, bladder and blood vessels during the removal of eggs through a needle. Though there is no research data, ovarian cancer is also linked to fertility drugs used to stimulate egg production.
As for ICSI, long-term health and development problems for babies conceived using whatever sperm that is available is the main focus of debate. During normal conception, only the strongest sperm will be able to break through the membrane of an egg to fertilise it. Weaker sperm will never make it but...