The Kaluga region
The Kaluga region is splendid in architectural and natural monuments. Plenty of cathedral and civil architectural monuments demonstrate the evidences of the regions long history.
The Kaluga region is famous for ancient cathedrals, among which the Tikhonov and Optin, Pafnutjev Borovsky and Nikoevsky Chernoostrovsky ones stand out.
The Tikhonova hermitage was established in the 15th century. Today the monastery is active but still under construction. The cathedral of the Assumption stands out among the monastery ensemble. The cathedral was built early in the 20th century in Byzantine style.
The Optina hermitage is one of the largest tourist centres now. It is a part of tourist routes through the region. The Svyato-Vvedensky monastery was laid in the 15th century, but its renaissance falls on the end of the 18th century. In 1832-1839 the monastery was fenced in a small wall with four square towers. Its territory is almost square. There stands a cathedral in the centre, surrounded with churches, built in a cross-plan. There is a cell, where a built in 1822 wooden church of John the Forerunner stands, behind the monastery.
The Pafnutjev Borovsky Cathedral is the main attraction of a town Borovsk. It was a fortress in the south-western boundaries in the 16th-17th centuries. Its 6 towers made up its battle significance: Tainitskaya, Admission (Vhodnaya), Watching (Storozhevaya), Armour (Oruzhejnaya), Georgievskaya and Round (Kruglaya). The oldest building of the monastery is a refectory, the year of 1511. A square Nativity Church without columns sides with the refectory.
Nikolaevsky Chernoostrovsky cathedral is situated on the north-east of Maloyaroslavets. Its main cathedral of St. Nicholas is performed in Byzanthia style and was consecrated on the 26th of August, 1843. It was erected in memory of the war of 1812 heroes. Kernel and case-shot traces can be seen in the gates` of stony wall. Nikolai I forbade its reconstruction. Now it is one of...