Karl Marx on alienation
Alienation is according to Marx things that belong together coming apart, the essence of human beings is coming apart from the existence of human beings. Workers are part of capitalism and they are alienated from what? From four different forms of alienation.
First there is alienation from a product, workers make a product but don’t own the good this is just what capitalism is. The more the worker produces the more the working is producing the means of his own domination. The first form of alienation can be concluded that capitalism in a monster that controls us that we created.
Secondly the alienation from the product activity, the producing line technology. Human beings have this huge potential but by working in producing lines they reduce themselves to machines. Workers don’t exercise their will, consciousness or design they just do what they are told to do, they just act in a mechanical way. Humans are extremely productive but many people only feel alive when they’re not at work; when they’re eating and drinking. A distortion of what human life should be, we are at our most human like when we are creating and working, strangely through capitalism people don’t enjoy the basic essence of human beings.
Alienation from species essence, a third form of alienation according to Marx. Human beings as species have an essence, things about human beings that are different to the other human beings around. Marx says under capitalism a vast amount of human beings don’t enjoy their essence in their daily activities. The essence is the notion of what is special about human beings from animals in terms of what can we do. For example bee’s versus architectures, bee’s make beautiful complicated structured hives and architectures also design beautiful complicated amazing buildings what the difference. Under capitalism the vast majority of us aren’t able to enjoy the part of our essence that is part of our existence. What makes human life...