Leadership Models 1 Running Head: LEADERHIP MODELS
Leadership Models Shawn Powell Joseph University of Phoenix LDR711 June 18, 2007
Leadership Models 2 Abstract Leadership refers to ones ability to effectively influence subordinates to achieve a chief end. The endeavor of this paper is to discuss the empirical foundation, methodologies and thought sequences that define specific models and how leaders use the key model components to achieve desired outcomes. This paper will demonstrate the existence of a continuum in leadership research, models and thought. Though seemingly dissimilar on the surface, each of the leadership models and theories presented in this paper share the objective of endeavoring to isolate the exact set of factors, that when combined will, rendered the highest quality leader.
Leadership Models 3 Leadership Theories In 500 BC Sun Tzu wrote “The control of a large force is the same principle as the control of a few men: it is merely a question of dividing up their numbers.” Leadership refers to ones ability to achieve a chief end. This paper is not designed to champion one specific definition of leadership, but rather to survey several leadership models and theories. The endeavor is to discuss the empirical foundation, methodologies and thought sequences that define specific models and how leaders utilize the key model components achieve desired outcomes. An overview of trait, behavioral, cognitive resources, contingency and transformational leadership theory will not only highlight the distinct differences of each school of thought, but will also illuminates the common thread that binds them one to another. This paper will demonstrate the existence of a continuum in leadership research, models and thought. The words of John Gardner are an excellent starting point to begin to develop an understanding of leadership. Gardner wrote, “The first step is not action; the first step is understanding.” (Gardner. 1990) Leadership is not a new,...