The theme of our diploma thesis is “Linguistic Realization as a Polysemic Category on the basis of "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" by J.K. Rowling”. The issue of polysemy is not new in linguistics but, since the practical chapter is based on the novel, which is very popular nowadays, the topic of the diploma project becomes very up-to-date.
Polysemy is a phenomenon characteristic of most words in many languages, however different they may be. Before we started writing the paper, we supposed that it is one of the most typical features of the English vocabulary (the working hypothesis).
The main goal of the present work is to analyse the problem of meaning and structure of a polysemantic word, to show the relationship of different meanings within one word. The complicated character of the notion of a polysemantic word, based on the development of its meaning, makes the problem more difficult, on the one hand, though more interesting, on the other. The notion of the structure of a polysemantic word is aggravated by the influence of the factors both of linguistic and extralinguistic character. That is why it is necessary to analyse the notion of the core meaning, and its influence on the whole structure of a word. Therefore, if we take into consideration the diversity of meanings of a polysemantic word, the problem of lexicographical presentation of the word arises.
Polysemy as a complex linguistic phenomenon is the object of investigation, and its subject is presented by polysemantic words in the English language.
To achieve the aim of the project, it was necessary to accomplish the following tasks:
● to study the semantic structure of polysemantic words in English;
● to single out the peculiarities of polysemantic words in English;
● to analyze the cases of the use of polysemantic words in a literary work (our paper is based on "Harry Potter and the...