—What is the importance of the following:
Invention of Writing: There was a need to keep records, so visual language was formed.
Prehistoric visual communication: The petroglyphs and pictographs in prehistoric times was the introduction to letters.
Mesopotamian visual identification: Through the need for proving authenticity for property and trades or crafts, the visual identification was necessary, and since the images could be reproduced, this can be seen as an initial form of printing.
Egyptian hieroglyphs: It is an ancient visual language consisting of pictograms, and when scribes found it hard to express difficult words in a visual way, they devised a rebus, using pictures for sounds.
Papyrus and writing: Papyrus was a paper like substrate for manuscripts that gave scribes a significant authority in Egyptian society because knowledge was power.
The first illustrated manuscripts: Egyptians were the first to produce illustrated manuscripts in which words and pictures were combined to communicate information.
—Define the following terms:
Ideograph- Written symbol that represents an idea or object literally rather than a particular word or speech sound.
Petroglyph- Carvings or markings on a rock, made by members of prehistoric people.
Pictograph- Pictorial sign or symbol.
Substrate- A material on which letterforms and images are inscribed.
Cuneiform- Composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements, as the characters used in writing.
Phonogram- A unit symbol representing a speech sound, syllable, or other sequence of speech sounds without reference to meaning.
Hieroglyphics- Pictographic script, in which many of the symbols are conventionalized.
Rosetta Stone- A black slab bearing an inscription in two languages and three scripts.
Cartouche- Bracket like plaques containing glyphs.
The Book of the Dead- Produced in 1580 BC, artists and scribes were commissioned to prepare funerary text using papyrus. It...