Journal Article Summary
By Sherrod Grant
Oct. 4, 2009
PSY 111-04 Introduction to Psychology
CALL NUMBER: 712-274-6400
Article Title: Looking on the Bright Side: Accessing Benign Meanings Reduces Worry
Authors: Colette R. Hirsch, Andrew Mathews, and Sarra Hayes
Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
February, 2009; Volume 118, No. 1
This research investigated whether increasing access to benign outcomes uncertain event decrease unnecessary worrying. Participants exposure high levels of worry were assigned either to carry out in accessing compassionate meanings of threat-related homograph and expressively uncertain scenarios or to a control conditions in which threatening or benign meanings were accessed with equal frequency. Results were assessed use of a breathing focus task that involved categorizing the valence of thought intrusions before and after an instructed worry period and a test of working recollection capacity accessible to participants while nerve-racking.
In assessment with the control group, the benign group reported fewer off-putting thought intrusions and less concern during the mouthful of air focus task and showed greater left over running memory capability while worrying. These findings suggest that pleasing to the eye access to benign outcomes is an effective way of reducing both the resolution of worry and its damaging consequence.
The effects of worry and ponderings on affective states and mentation type were examined in an unselected undergraduate sample in Study 1 and in a sample of individuals with high trait worry and rumination, high rumination, and low worry/reflection in Study 2. Participants engaged in worry and rumination inductions, counterbalanced in order across participants to assess main and interactive effects of these types of negative thinking.
During mentation periods, the thought vs. imaginably nature and the of time orientation of mentations were assessed 5 times. Following mentation periods,...