When most people think of savages, they think of animals, never of humans. This novel challenges that outlook for many readers. Many instances throughout this novel have demonstrated multiple themes of human nature. From seeking nothing but rescue to establishing a government system and a new way of life, human nature changes. Through symbolism in Lord of the Flies, William Golding is able to demonstrate themes of human psychology, politics, and savagery.
The island that the boys newly inhabit is a subtle yet important symbol. The British boys are put on a plane to escape the war stricken continent of Europe during what is speculated to be World War II. During this voyage, the plane is attacked and crash landed on a secluded island (Golding 1-3). This new island sets a fresh slate for natural human characteristics to unravel. It allows any and every type of occurrence to take place. The true personality is put forth without the restraints of society. The absence of a superior being releases the restrictions to their character. This lets every child be themselves; whether it is good or bad. “The novel does not imply that children, without the disciplined control of adults, will turn into savages; on the contrary, it dramatizes the real nature of all humans” (Dickson 45).
The secluded island is pictured as a mini representation of the adult world and all its fallacies. It depicts a very quick summary of human civilization. The formation of government to setting goals for the well-being of the group, the children reenact the adult world. As the novel progresses, Jack’s group and Ralph’s group are at a “war” just as the entire adult world is fighting in World War II simultaneously. Although the island isn’t as prominent as some other symbols in this novel, it plays a major factor that Golding embedded into the story (Dickson).
The struggle between democracy and totalitarianism is encrypted into the novel. The very beginning of the novel is started off with the...