Chapter 17: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy
A. Who first coined the use of the term “Manifest Destiny”? In what year? JOHN L. O’SULLIVAN, 1845
I. The Accession of “Tyler Too”
A. Daniel Webster, as secretary of state, and Henry Clay, the uncrowned king of the Whigs and their ablest spokesman in the Senate, would grasp the helm.
B. Still a lone wolf, he (John Tyler) had forsaken the Jacksonian Democratic fold for that of the Whigs, largely because he could not stomach the dictatorial tactics of Jackson
C. the Whig party, like the Democratic Party, was something of a catchall, and the accidental president belonged to the minority wing, which embraced a number of Jeffersonian states’ righters.
D. Tyler had in fact been put on the ticket partly to attract the vote of this fringe group, many of whom were influential southern gentry.
II. John Tyler: A President without a Party
A. Clay next drove through Congress a bill for a “Fiscal Bank,’’ which would establish a new Bank of the United States.
B. When the bank bill reached the presidential desk, Tyler flatly vetoed it on both practical and constitutional grounds
C. To the delight of Democrats, the stiff-necked Virginian was formally expelled from his party by a caucus of Whig congressmen, and a serious attempt to impeach him was broached in the House of Representatives.
D. His entire cabinet resigned in a body, except Secretary of State Webster, who was then in the midst of delicate negotiations with England.
E. SO WHAT—Tariff of 1842 chopped out the offensive dollar-distribution scheme and pushed down the rates to about the moderately protective level of 1832, roughly 32 percent on dutiable goods
III. A War of Words with Britain
A. Hatred of Britain during the nineteenth century came to a head periodically and had to be lanced by treaty settlement or by war.
B. When the panic of 1837 broke several and states defaulted on their bonds or repudiated them openly, honest Englishmen assailed Yankee trickery...