Use of Manufactured Sand in Concrete and Construction An Alternate to River Sand
G Sreenivasa, General Manager (Business Development), UltraTech Cement Limited Bangalore
Natural or River sand are weathered and worn out particles of rocks and are of various grades or sizes depending upon the amount of wearing. Now-a-days good sand is not readily available, it is transported from a long distance. Those resources are also exhausting very rapidly. So it is a need of the time to find some substitute to natural river sand.
The artificial sand produced by proper machines can be a better substitute to river sand. The sand must be of proper gradation (it should have particles from 150 microns to 4.75 mm in proper proportion).
When fine particles are in proper proportion, the sand will have fewer voids. The cement quantity required will be less. Such sand will be more economical. Demand for manufactured fine aggregates for making concrete is increasing day by day as river sand cannot meet the rising demand of construction sector. Natural river sand takes millions of years to form and is not repleneshible.
Because of its limited supply, the cost of Natural River sand has sky rocketed and its consistent supply cannot be guaranteed. Under this circumstances use of manufactured sand becomes inevitable.
River sand in many parts of the country is not graded properly and has excessive silt and organic impurities and these can be detrimental to durability of steel in concrete whereas manufactured sand has no silt or organic impurities
Manufactured sand River sand
However, many people in India have doubts about quality of concrete / mortars when manufactured or artificial sand are used. Manufactured sand have been regularly used to make quality concrete for decades in India and abroad.
Pune - Mumbai expressway was completely built using artificial/manufactured sand.
Issues with Manufactured Sand
1. The Civil engineers, Architects,...