History of Migration
1. Around 13th century, due to Australia’s pleasant climate and rich land, population started to grow rapidly.
2. Later, some adventurous tribes decided to explore the Tasman Sea. As a result, they found New Zealand. Some chose to stay in their new territory and increased their population.
3. From 16th to 17th century, European countries carried out expeditions towards Australia and New Zealand. Forming these two countries as European’s colony.
4. There were constant conflict between the natives and the foreign settlers, and this caused the outbreak of ‘Australian Frontier War’ (1788 ~ 1939) and ‘New Zealand Land War’ (1845 ~ 1872). This is when Australia and New Zealand had their major relationship as an ally.
5. In 19th century, the California Gold Rush encouraged an active trade between Australia and New Zealand.
6. In 1908 and 1912 Olympics, these two countries were represented as one unified region ‘Australasia’
7. In 1920, there was a free flow of population between Australia and New Zealand under various economic, diplomatic, political, military arrangements.
8. In 1973, the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement was signed by both countries. This allowed both Australians and New Zealanders to enter each other’s countries freely, without any needs of specific authorization.
9. Now in 2012, there are more than 5million New Zealanders in Australia
The Push and Pull Factors
1. Push Factors in New Zealand
* Traveling to and from New Zealand is known to be more expensive compared to other economically developed countries.
* Although New Zealand social security, clean environment and better education system attracts many families who seek for better living style, emigrants leave the country mainly for more opportunity.
* Sudden emerge of foreign workers in New Zealand caused decrease in job and income of the natives.
2. Pull Factors in Australia
* Australia’s high rate of wage certainly attracts...