This assignment is about how I prepared and delivered a presentation and includes a reflection using Gibbs’ model. The role of an educator is not primarily to teach but to promote learning and provide for an environment conducive to learning. For nurses to fulfil that role they must have a solid foundation in the principles of teaching and learning (Bastable, 2008).
Teaching is an open complex skill which consists of cognitive, interpersonal and motor skills which in turn function the overlap of insight and action (Tomlinson, 1988). Teaching is undertaken in the pursuit of aims or purpose and reflects some ideas of those aims in the minds of teachers and facilitators of learning (Neary, 2000). The teaching should be evidence-base which would be achieved by ensuring to research the topic fully and provide evidence to support it (Hinchliff, 2009).
In my research of the adult learner, I discovered that adults are autonomous and self-directed. They have accumulated a foundation of life experiences, knowledge and work related experiences (Stephen, 1991). Therefore, the adult learner brings these elements to the learning experience.
Knowles, (1990) describes adult learning as andragogy theory which is the art and science of teaching adults unlike a child learner which uses pedagogy theory. Adults have past experiences, such as in work or in life, helping them to build on their learning experience, whereas children are just trying to learn about concepts for the first time. The adult learner is independent and can take more responsibility in their learning, and can work on their own. Adults are motivated differently than children and want to achieve their aims and objectives, sometimes driven by a desire to improve their quality of life.
Learning theories provide frameworks for studying the processes associated with learning (Nicklin, et al, 2000). It addresses how people learn. There are different types of learning theories such as behaviourism, cognitivism,...