“Montessori believed that the intelligence and imagination powers of children should stretch out into the farthest reaches of the universe in order to understand themselves as human beings and to discover their cosmic task.”
Discuss this statement and describe how a Montessori directress should prepare herself and the children for this cosmic task.
Maria Montessori, the founder of Montessori Method of education was born in Italy in 1870 and became the first female doctor in her country’s history. She was of the most influential pioneers in early childhood education. She devised a method of education which combines a philosophy with practical approach based on the central idea of freedom for the child within a carefully planned and structured environment.
“Times have changed and science has made great progress and no less on our work; but our principles have only been confirmed.” [Maria Montessori Her life and work, Introduction, pg.no:09]
Applying fundamental principles of nature to education of the children was the most enduring legacy and lasting value of Dr. Montessori. She discovered that under the supervision of a specially trained teacher, the young child can change from its ordinary tendency towards fantasy and disorder to the normalization.
Experiences in Casa dei Bambini made her discover a world within the child. It’s really these discoveries made her famous. Mental concentration, Love of repetition, Love of order, freedom of choice, love of work, no need for reward or punishment, lovers of silence, a sense of personal dignity, writing and reading and spontaneous self-discipline are the ten discoveries of Montessori.
Montessori believed that by teaching children to recognize the interdependence of all living things, she would help them develop consciousness of their place on earth. With the idea that the Great Story, from which her Great Lessons are conceived, is not yet fished, Montessori portrayed...